Complete Surrogacy Process in 7 Easy to Follow Steps.
If you wish to grow your family through the surrogacy process, you might have many questions and we do have answers!
The surrogacy procedure may vary according to your state legislation or sometimes as per the individual case. The subsequent 7 step-by-step guides can allow you to prepare for what is to come during your surrogacy journey.
Step 1. Understand if surrogacy process is the right choice for you?
The very first step you know if becoming parents through the surrogacy process is an ideal choice for you. Sometimes it is the only option left like for gay couples. For heterosexual couples, there is a chance they might not need a surrogate mother at all.
Becoming a parent via surrogacy is a long and emotional journey, and it requires a significant commitment for both intended parents and surrogate mother.
Couples and singles considering surrogacy should carefully research surrogacy laws, consider the advantages and disadvantages of each option. It is advised to speak to the surrogacy professionals who have been working in this sphere for a long time. A free surrogacy consultation with them will help you to know how surrogacy work, and it is an ideal choice for them.
Even if you are a heterosexual couple who is struggling with infertility. Or a same-sex couple who wish to become parents. There are reasons to think about growing your family through surrogacy, but knowing if this is the only option is good.
Before you begin the surrogacy procedure, it is crucial to educate yourself about the Pros and Cons of surrogacy.
Make sure that you are prepared to commit to the surrogacy process fully. The intended parents should know that surrogacy is a huge financial and emotional investment. They need to ensure that they have the resources to commit to surrogacy and parenthood.
If you or your spouse are struggling with the decision about become parents through surrogacy, or if you require additional information before making the final decision, reach out to surrogacy expert before proceeding with the surrogacy process.
Step 2. Preparing for Surrogacy Process
Once a prospective intended parent has decided to commit to the surrogacy process, they must determine the objectives and needs of the surrogacy journey.
First, there are two types of surrogacy they can opt for:
Traditional Surrogacy —
In traditional surrogacy, the surrogate is also the biological mother of the child she carries. Her eggs are fertilized using sperm from the intended father or a donor with the IUI ( intrauterine insemination). Most time, no invasive medical procedure like IVF needed.
The embryo created outside the body with the eggs from the intended mother and sperm from the intended father. Embryos are then implanted in the surrogate uterus. A medical procedure like IVF is done to create embryos and then to implant them in the surrogate’s uterus.
There are two types of surrogacy professionals who can complete your surrogacy:
Surrogacy Agency —
Surrogacy agency can offer services like recruitment and screening of surrogate mother, case management, facilitating the medical procedure, counseling, legal assistance and more. They are your one point of contact throughout the surrogacy process.
They specialize in doing surrogacy legal work like drafting surrogacy agreements and apply for a pre-birth order. Their role is restricted to only the legal side of the surrogacy process.
Intended parents need to look at these and other factors as they organize and prepare themselves for surrogacy. These conclusions (among others) can help intended parents determine and create your surrogacy plan, which outlines their goals and preferences throughout the surrogacy procedure.
If you decide to utilize the services of a surrogacy agency, you’ll work closely with them to ensure all your goal and expectation are understood and taken care.
By this time, intended parents start making surrogacy plans, which will be a summary of your goals and preferences for the surrogacy procedure.
You should have the answers to following questions by this time.
- What sort of surrogacy you’d like to pursue (gestational or conventional )
- Whether you want donor eggs or wish to use your eggs.
- Whether you know a lady, who can be your surrogate mother or do you need to hire a surrogate mother with the help of surrogacy agency.
- Do you wish to take the assistance of a surrogacy agency, and if yes, which surrogacy agency you may use
Once you’ve determined the types of surrogacy you want to pursue and have selected a surrogacy agency, then you’ll begin to complete the screening process to meet your agency’s qualifications for intended parents.
After you have been screened and approved by your surrogacy agency, you will be ready to start the journey of finding a surrogate, if necessary.
Step 3. Finding a surrogate mother either yourself or with the help of surrogacy agency
The most exciting and significant step of the surrogacy process is locating the right surrogate mother for intended parents.
In case of a parent already have a surrogate mother, then they may only have to work with an attorney who specializes in assisted reproductive legislation.
However, if you still have not discovered a surrogate mother, then you will probably have to request the surrogate matching services of a surrogacy agency.
Here is the way the match functions:
Every time a prospective surrogate mother or planned parents begin working with a surrogacy professional, their surrogacy specialist will help create their surrogacy plans. According to their surrogacy programs, they will probably make a profile to show to other planned parents or surrogate mothers who are also looking for a surrogacy opportunity.
The surrogacy agency works closely with surrogate mother and intended parents to share similar surrogacy programs. The surrogacy agency can supply them with a profile of each other to find out if they are interested in working with each other.
If both parties are interested in moving ahead, they may get to know one another better through phone calls, emails, or in-person meetings. If all goes well, a process of drafting the initial legal agreement can be initiated.
Sooner or later in your trip, your surrogacy specialist will probably request that you make a surrogacy plan, which outlines your goals and preferences for the surrogacy process. This strategy will be used to match potential surrogate with the intended parents.
You might have a chance to navigate similar profiles for potential surrogates ( more than one). As soon as you finalize a surrogate mother, your surrogacy professionals will arrange a meeting or telephone call which will make it possible for you to get to know each other much better.
Once you matched with the ideal surrogate mother, you’re all set to proceed to another step of the surrogacy process, which is to satisfy legal requirements for surrogacy.
Step 4. Satisfy Legal Requirements by making surrogacy agreements
Once a surrogate and intended parent have decided to proceed together, they need to make it official by drafting a legal arrangement. Each party will have their own reproductive lawyer to ensure that their legitimate interests are represented and protected.
Each party will meet their particular attorney separately to understand and review the legal aspects of the surrogacy. Once everyone agrees to the terms and conditions of the surrogacy contracts and each lawyer had a chance to review and approve it, surrogacy contracts are signed.
Potential Intended Parents lawyer will meet with you one-on-one to discuss your legal rights, potential risks, and the compensation you and your surrogate consented to. After the contracts have been signed, it is going to be time to move to another phase — fertilization and pregnancy.
After the first trimester, your lawyer will work with you to set you as the legal parents of your child. It will let you make medical choices for the baby and also include your names on the birth certificate. This process is known as a pre-birth order, which is a significant step in announcing the child as legally yours.
Step 5. IVF process starts with fertilization and embryos transfer.
Once legally viable surrogacy contracts are signed, it’s the right time to start medical processes to get ready for the embryo transfer. The IVF process is carried out with pre-defined IVF clinic.
The intended mother or egg donor will be given medicine to help her create many eggs. She will have a small invasive medical procedure – egg picks up. The eggs are then fertilized in the lab with male sperms to make an embryo, and these embryos are then transferred to the matched surrogate mother.
The surrogate mother also needs to undergo fertility treatments to make a good endometrium lining and to prepare her for upcoming embryo transfer. She needs to be attentive toward her health and medical wellbeing throughout the pregnancy.
The embryos transfer process is relatively fast and painless and doesn’t need anaesthesia. The surrogate mother is asked to stay at the fertility clinic to get rest for a few hours following the procedure. The surrogate mother can start her day to day activities, making sure not to do strenuous activities.
Once pregnancy is confirmed, and baby heartbeat is seen, the surrogate mother will start receiving payments for basic compensation and her monthly allowance as agreed and mentioned in her surrogacy agreement. She’ll also begin to receive medical attention, which will last through the pregnancy.
She comes back to the fertility specialist after two weeks, to have a pregnancy test ( Serum BHCG) and confirm that pregnancy. She might be asked to visit the fertility clinic to get routine blood tests and ultrasounds to monitor the development of the pregnancy.
From 12th weeks onward, a surrogate pregnancy conceived via IVF won’t be different from another pregnancy. The surrogate needs more regular checkups to make sure the health of the infant. She can discuss her pregnancy journey with all the intended parents.
Once the heartbeat of the baby is heard, the surrogate will start receiving her monthly payments. The parents need to give psychological support to surrogate throughout her pregnancy.
Step 6. Surrogacy baby birth and arrival of a new baby!
Following the very long surrogacy process, the arrival of the baby is a life-changing moment for the surrogate and the intended parents. In most cases, the intended parents are there with surrogate mother at the time of baby delivery.
Once baby born, the surrogate mother and intended parents come to the end of a long but mutually satisfying journey. The baby goes back home with new parents. However, the parents and surrogate mother stay in touch and can share the pics of the baby with a milestone reached.
After the baby is born and the surrogate is discharged from the hospital, the new family and surrogate can all return home. The parents come back home with their new baby. Surrogate can go home with the satisfaction of giving the selfless gift of parenthood to someone who couldn’t do it on their own.
For parents and surrogate mother, surrogacy can be a remarkably rewarding and satisfying experience.
Step 7. Baby citizenship and travel in case of the cross border surrogacy process
If you are opting for cross border surrogacy, which many intended parents do to save the high cost of surrogacy. For them, there is an additional step of taking a baby home is involved. Once baby born, they get the baby birth certificate with their names. The local surrogacy agency and an attorney can help them to submit an application for baby citizenship.
They need to submit documents like
- IVF Report
- Embryos transfer report
- Antenatal care tets and scan of the surrogate mother
Most embassies ask for DNA tests to establish the genetic link between the child and at least one parents. Once all these formalities are done, the baby citizenship is granted along with the passport. The baby is ready to travel back with parents. The approximate time for full baby exit process depends on individual country and how much backlog their embassies have. But in an average 4-8 weeks are needed.