So, baby making process can be not so personal for some couple’s. Once you have realized and accepted ongoing fertility issues, considering and beginning fertility treatments can be both exciting and anxiety provoking. On the one hand, you may be feeling hopeful because you are closer to parenthood. At the same time, treatments come with a heavy emotional burden and financial drain.
The treatment options depend on cause of infertility.
Lifestyle Changes: For some couples simple life style changes like losing weight or gaining weight, quitting cigarettes or reducing alcohol intake will be enough and no further intervention needed. Sometime your doctor can send you back by calculating more fertile days to conceive.
Fertility Drugs: Of all fertility drugs, Clomid is most commonly prescribed. This is first line fertility treatment and includes drugs such as Clomifene pills and gonadotrophins injections, both of which regulate female hormones and trigger the release of more eggs.
Intrauterine Insemination (IUI): This type of treatment option is typically done in cases of male infertility or may be next step after clomid cycles fails. Your partner’s sperm or a donor’s sperm is injected into your uterus via catheter.
In vitro Fertilization (IVF): IVF involves mixing of women’s eggs and men’s sperms under artificial condition in laboratory and then transferring resulted embryos to women’s uterus. Other associated technique like Assisted Hatching (AH) and Embryoscope are also used in conjugation with IVF to provide better outcome as per couple requirements.
Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI): ICSI is a technique in which a single live sperm is injected into the center of single human egg. This technique is developed to help achieve fertilization for couples with severe male factor infertility or couples who have had failure to fertilize in a previous in vitro fertilization attempt.
Keyhole Surgery (laparoscopy): This treatment includes unblocking your Fallopian tubes or remove scarring caused by endometriosis, fibroids, or ovarian cysts which can reduce chances of conceptions.
Third Party Reproductive Assistance: In this type of treatment all medical procedures remains same but instead of couples biological materials, an egg donor or sperm donors or sometimes both are used to facilitates Assisted Reproductive Techniques. Depending on individual requirement, fertility specialist might suggest young and healthy donors to achieve successful pregnancy. In few couples, where female partner has no uterus or extreme medical conditions, doctor can suggest surrogacy. Surrogacy is an arrangement between a woman to carry and delivery baby for another individual or couple who are unable to conceive due to missing or abnormal uterus, had multiple failed in vitro fertilization, and had multiple pregnancy losses or due to unexplained medical conditions.