Male Infertility

Male Infertility

by Neelam Chhagani

Male related Infertility

The first line of assessment is done via Sperm Analysis. It is a simple test and result can help assessment of real problem from a fertility specialist.

It goes without saying that infertility is a widespread phenomenon nowadays and with coming times there is an upward trend in growth of it. Not all fertility-related issues are women oriented, a matter of fact there is a fundamental rise in male-related infertility issues. Out of 5 infertile couples, one of the couples is unable to conceive due to male related fertility issues.

Male-related fertility issues

Male-related fertility factors are mostly due to low sperm counts, low sperm motility, abnormal morphology, no sperm at all or some other genetic inherited condition.

Low Sperm count

This is the common factor nowadays due to unhealthy lifestyle and excessive stress in present time. In ART treatment like IVF-ICSI, even a few good sperms can be utilized to fertilized the eggs. There are few medicines and vitamin supplement suggested to use before starting the IVF process.

Sperm Motility

This can also offer hindrance in successful fertilization and that is why IVF is used to rule out this male fertility issues.

Sperm Morphology

This factor is related to the abnormal shape of sperm, head part or tale part. General, y abnormal looking sperm can be seen under microscope, but what need to be analyzed further is their genetic makeup. There is more chance of having not successful conceptions, miscarriage with such sperms. DNA fragmentation is commonly seen in such Sperm.

Seminal Fluid

Sometimes thick seminal fluid is also reason for infertility. It became difficult for sperms to travel through thick seminal fluid and thus no pregnancy achieved. Various ART treatment are available to fix this condition.

Hormonal Imbalance

Male hormones imbalance also hinder successful conceptions. To rule out such situation, fertility specialist will make some tests and this situation can be corrected with some routine medication.

Ejaculation issues

This is a medical condition where male partner is unable to ejaculate seminal fluid. This can be due to blocking of tubes or other structural defect in male reproductive organ. In cases, PESA is one of the method in which fertility specialist obtain sperm sample via minor surgical procedure.

Unexplained Infertility

This is also a common cause of infertility in both partners. All tests and clinical analysis or scan shows no obvious issues in any partner, but still couples are unable to conceive. This can be a most frustrating situation for couples who are unable to conceive without any known reason.

The fertility related treatment option for male partner are as follow

IUI- Intrauterine insemination is a fertility treatment that involves placing sperms inside a woman’s uterus to assist fertilization. The aim of IUI is to increase the number of sperms that reach the Fallopian tubes and subsequently increase the chance of fertilization.

IVF- In Vitro Fertilization is the process of fertilization of an egg and sperm, manually, in a laboratory dish, and then transferring the embryo to the uterus of female partner.

ICSI- Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection is advanced form of IVF that is used for the treatment of severe cases of male-factor infertility. It is done by manually injecting a good single sperm directly into a mature egg, thus facilitating fertilization.

Sperm Donor- In the rare case of extreme male infertility, the doctor will advise using a sperm donor. The sperm donor can be a young, healthy men who are used to fertilize the female eggs so that successful pregnancy can be achieved.

Are you struggling with male-related infertility?  Get in touch with our client manager, who will help you put in touch with the best male infertility specialist.