IVF-In Vitro Fertilization
Infertility is the inability of a couple to become pregnant even after one year of unprotected sexual intercourse using no birth control methods. IVF is a form of assisted reproductive technology (ART), which gives infertile couple chance to have a biological child of their own. In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) involves mixing of woman’s eggs and male’s sperms under an artificial condition the in a laboratory and then transferring resulted embryos to woman’s uterus. Other associated technique like Assisted Hatching (AH) and Embryoscope are also used in conjugation with IVF to provide better outcome as per specific couple requirement. The patients with following conditions will be indicated for IVF.
- Male Factor Infertility
- Absent or Damaged Fallopian Tubes
- Unexplained Infertility
- Recurrent Intrauterine Insemination Failure
- Tubal and Pelvic Adhesions
- Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD)
Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection, or ICSI, is a technique in which a single live sperm is injected into the center of a single human egg. This technique is developed to help achieve fertilization for couples with severe male factor infertility or couples who have had a failure to fertilize in a previous in vitro fertilization attempt. IVF-ICSI could be one of the best options for the couple struggling with male factor infertility, which includes low sperm count, low number of live sperms, or sperm motility and morphology issues. ICSI is also used to increase the success rate for unexplained infertility. Generally, the fertilization rates with ICSI are 75%, which is same as fertilization with a normal semen sample. The success rate of IVF and IVF with ICSI is same; however, the current medical community believes that with ICSI success rate is better, may be due to a higher number of fertilized embryos it yields, making it more popular among the fertility experts.