Gender selection is a process of choosing the gender of baby during the process of IVF. Once embryos are created, it is possible to find technically the genetic makeup of embryos to select the desired gender.
Many countries prohibit the gender selection due to ethical issues; however, in some countries like Thailand, Ukraine, and Mexico, gender selection is legal and these countries are favourable destinations for same. There are 2 broad ways of choosing the gender of the baby as below.
PGD (Preimplantation genetic diagnosis
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) is a medical technique which is used to understand the unexplained IVF failures, to rule out chromosomal abnormalities and for family balancing. This highly advanced technique involves allowing fertilization of oocytes and sperms and resulting embryos are allowed to grow 3-5 days (until embryos are 6-8 cell stage). Once this stage is reached, the embryo is biopsied to remove 1 to 2 cells. This process is done by under microscopic guide and this process does not damage the remaining cells in an embryo. The isolated cells are evaluated for the specific genetic condition anticipated.
NGS (New Genetic Sequencing)
Next Generation Sequencing (NGS), allows researchers to view the genetic makeup of an embryo at levels far exceeding that of previous testing methods. This new advancement in the fields of embryology and genetic research can significantly improve pregnancy outcomes by enhancing the knowledge embryologists employ while selecting embryos. NGS is significantly more accurate and faster than previous methods of genetic testing. This advancement in embryo screening can significantly increase pregnancy success for many women struggling to achieve and maintain a pregnancy to full term.
- Women having poor egg quality
- Women experiencing recurrent miscarriage
- Women having multiple IVF failures
MicroSort is a technique in which sperms containing Y chromosome and X chromosome can be identified and separated from the semen sample.
Gender of a child is determined by the specific sperm cell fertilizing the egg at the time of conception. The sperm cell carrying an “X chromosome” result in a female baby and those carrying a “Y chromosome” result in a male baby.
Semen contains approximately 50% female and 50% male sperm cells, as per the requirement of the Intended Parents micro sorted sperm sample is used for artificial insemination or IVF, although it does not guarantee of the desired gender but increases the probability of same. PGD with gender selection can assist the doctor in locating embryos of the desired gender up to 99 percent accuracy.
Are you looking to balance family or if you want to get the best chances of success in your IVF Cycle? Please contact us get you started with best possible medical technology with personal care.