Fibroids are common non-cancerous, benign, growths that develop in the muscular wall of the uterus. Uterine fibroid can vary in size from very small, may a quarter of an inch to larger than a cantaloupe. Occasionally the bigger the fibroid, it is more inconvenient and cause the uterus to grow to the size of a five-month pregnancy.
Treatment of Fibroids
If fibroid is smaller and not creating much of pain, it can be left as it is. Most of times smaller fibroid got unnoticed and most women even do not know if they have one. Only in case discomfort or other during medical treatment, fibroid can be diagnosed. The treatment for uterine fibroids is surgery and it can be used to remove fibroids only (myomectomy) or to remove the entire uterus (hysterectomy).
When surgery is required
- When there is a heavy uterine bleeding and/or anemia has continued after several months of therapy with birth control hormones and a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID).
- When fibroids occur aftermenopause.
- When lady experiences repeatmiscarriages or trouble getting pregnant.
When it became to discomforting and interferes with day to day life like too much pressure.
- When there is a urinary or bowel problems (from a fibroid pressing on your bladder, ureter, or bowel).
- When doctor suspect possibility of cancerous cells.
- For treatments of infertility.
Surgical options available-
- Myomectomy or fibroid removal- This process consists of removing fibroids from the any part of uterus. This surgery may enhance the chances of having a baby if the fibroid is inside the uterus and was preventing the implantation of fertilized egg in uterus lining. Removing fibroids in other locations of the uterus may not improve your chances of becoming pregnant.
- Hysterectomy or uterus removal– This process consist of removing full uterus. This can be suggested to a lady who has completed her family and in future has no intention to get pregnant again. Hysterectomy is the only fibroid treatment that prevents reoccurring of fibroid. It also improves quality of life for suffering women but also have negative effects.
Myomectomy or hysterectomy can be done through one or more small incisions using laparoscopy, through the,vagina, or through a larger abdominal cut (incision). The process is also dependent on the condition of lady, including where, how big, and what type of fibroid is growing in the uterus and if lady want to have babies in future. Each case is different and fertility specialist will be elaborately discussing all your options.